Undergraduate Courses

Psychology at UCSD is a laboratory science. We are concerned with the scientific development of knowledge about human and animal behavior and thought. Accordingly, experience with experimental procedures plays an important role in the undergraduate and graduate training of students. All Psychology majors must learn experimental methods, including basic statistical techniques. Students in the honors program must take laboratory courses and also do a year-long undergraduate thesis.

Petitioning Courses for Psychology Majors and Minors

Students may be able to petition courses taken elsewhere for Psychology major/minor credit. Please see our Course Petitions page for more information.

Experimental Subject Requirement

Students enrolled in lower division psychology courses must serve as experimental subjects for three hours per course. The requirement is intended to be a positive educational supplement to the course work. Part of each experimental session will be devoted to an explanation and discussion of the purpose and nature of the experiment. This usually will be done at the end of the experimental session. Students always have the right to discontinue participation at any point in any study. Students who are unable to participate or who choose not to participate will be provided alternate service assignments which are designed to serve similar educational goals. For more information contact the Psychology Student Affairs Office.


Course Descriptions

Lower Division Classes

1. Psychology (4)
This course provides an overview of the basic concepts in Psychology. Topics may include human information processing, learning and memory, motivation, development, language acquisition, social psychology and personality.

2. General Psychology: Biological Foundations (4)
This course provides an introductory survey of the relationship between human behavior and brain function. Specific areas of emphasis include vision and other sensory processes, memory, motivation, attention and cognition.

3. General Psychology: Cognitive Foundations (4)
This course provides an introduction to the basic concepts of cognitive psychology. Topics include perception, attention, memory, language and thought. The relation of cognitive psychology to cognitive science and to neuropsychology is also covered.

4. General Psychology: Behavioral Foundations (4)
This course provides an introduction to behavioral psychology. Topics include classical conditioning, operant conditioning, animal learning and motivation and behavior modification.

6. General Psychology: Social Foundations (4)
This course provides an introduction to social psychology. Topics may include emotion, aesthetics, behavioral medicine, person perception, attitudes and attitude change, and behavior in social organizations.

7. General Psychology: Developmental Foundations (4)
This course provides an introduction to theories and research results in developmental psychology, covering infancy through adulthood.

60. Introduction to Statistics (4)
This course provides an introduction to both descriptive and inferential statistics, core tools in the process of scientific discovery and the interpretation of research. Recommended to complete during a student's 2nd year. This course must be taken for a letter grade.

70. Research Methods in Psychology (4)
This course provides an overview of how to choose appropriate research methods for experimental and non-experimental studies. Topics may include classic experimental design and counterbalancing, statistical power, and causal inference in experimental and non-experimental settings. Prerequisite: Psychology 60 or equivalent.

87. Freshmen Seminar (1)
The Freshman Seminar Program is designed to provide new students with the opportunity to explore an intellectual topic with a faculty member in a small seminar setting. Freshman seminars are offered in all campus departments and undergraduate colleges, and topics vary from quarter to quarter. Enrollment is limited to fifteen to twenty students, with preference given to entering freshmen. Prerequisites: Freshman standing or consent of department.

90. Undergraduate Seminar (1)
This seminar introduces the various subdisciplines in psychology and their research methods, and also explores career and graduate school opportunities. This includes informal presentations by faculty, graduate students, and other professionals.

99. Independent Study (2 or 4)
Independent study or research under direction of a member of the faculty. Students may enroll in Psychology 99 up to three times for a total of twelve units maximum. (P/NP grades only) Prerequisites: lower-division standing, completion of at least 30 units of UCSD undergraduate study, a minimum UCSD GPA of 3.0; completed and approved Special Studies form.

Upper Division Classes

100. Clinical Psychology (4)
This course provides a comprehensive overview of the causes, characteristics, and treatment of psychological disorders. Particular emphasis is given to the interaction between biological, psychological, and sociocultural processes contributing to abnormal behavior. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing. Psychology 100 was formerly numbered Psychology 163. Students may not receive credit for both Psychology 100 and Psychology 163.

101. Developmental Psychology (4)
This course provides a comprehensive overview of the field of developmental psychology, including topics in cognitive, language, and social development. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

102. ;Sensory Neuroscience (4)
This course provides a comprehensive overview of the neural mechanisms that support vision, audition, touch, olfaction, and taste. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

104. Social Psychology (4)
This course provides a comprehensive overview of the field of social psychology, covering a review of the field's founding principles, classic findings, and a survey of recent findings. Topics will include social perception, attributions and attitudes, stereotypes, social influence, group dynamics, and aggressive and prosocial tendencies. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

105. Cognitive Psychology (4)
This course provides a comprehensive overview of cognitive psychology, the scientific study of mental processes: How people acquire, store, transform, use, and communicate information. Topics may include perception, attention, language, memory, reasoning, problem solving, decision making, and creativity. Prerequisite:

106. Behavioral Neuroscience (4)
This course provides a comprehensive overview of human and animal behavior from a neuroscience perspective. Topics include the functions and mechanisms of perception, motivation (sex, sleep, hunger, emotions), learning and memory, and motor control and movement. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

108. Cognitive Neuroscience (4)
This course provides a comprehensive overview of neuroanatomy and major methods and results from neuroimaging and neuropsychological studies of behavior. Topics include attention, motor control, executive function, memory, learning, emotion, and language. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

110. Junior Honors Research Seminar (4)
This course provides research seminars by a range of departmental faculty, exposing students to contemporary research problems in many areas of psychology. Class discussions will follow faculty presentations. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing. Department approval. Admission to the Psychology Honors Program. Must be taken for a letter grade for the Psychology Honors Program. Offered winter quarters.

111A. Research Methods I (6)
This course provides training in applying advanced statistical methods to experimental design. Emphasis will be placed on the developing skills in statistical problem-solving, using computer applications, and writing scientific reports. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing and department approval. Open to psychology honors students or consent of instructor. Must be taken for a letter grade for the Psychology Honors Program. Offered winter quarters.

111B. Research Methods II (6)
This course builds upon the material of Psychology 111A. Students will participate in data collection, data organization, statistical analysis and graphical analysis, with emphasis placed on developing scientific report writing, presentations and critical thinking about experimental methods. Prerequisite: Psychology 111A, upper-division standing and department approval. Open to psychology honors students or consent of instructor. Must be taken for a letter grade for the Psychology Honors Program. Offered spring quarters.

114. Psychophysiological Perspectives on the Social Mind Laboratory (4)
This course provides an overview and training in the use of psychophysiological methods to investigate the cognitive and emotional processes involved in understanding and reacting to other people. Students will develop individual research questions and actively participate in designing and conducting the experiments. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing. Course may be taken once for credit.

115A. Laboratory in Cognitive Psychology I (4)
This course provides training in the design, execution, and analysis of cognitive psychology experiments. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing and Psychology 60 or equivalent. Psychology ;115A was formerly numbered Psychology 115. Students may not receive credit for both Psychology 115A and Psychology 115. Course may be taken once for credit.

115B. Laboratory in Cognitive Psychology II (4)
This course is designed to extend the training of Psychology 115A in the design, execution, and analysis of cognitive psychology experiments. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing. Psychology 115A and consent of instructor. Psychology 115B was formerly numbered Psychology 115. Students may not receive credit for both Psychology 115B and Psychology 115. Course may be taken once for credit.

116. Laboratory in Clinical Psychology Research (4)
This course provides examination of theory, research design, and methods for clinical research. Students complete an internship at a clinical research lab, culminating in a paper. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing and consent of instructor. Psychology 116 was formerly numbered Psychology 107. Students may not receive credit for both Psychology 116 and Psychology 107. Course may be taken 3x for credit. Course website

117. Laboratory in Educational Research and Outreach (4)
This course provides experience conducting educational research and outreach for children in greater San Diego county. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing and consent of instructor. Course may be taken 3x for credit. Course website.

120. Learning and Motivation (4)
This course provides a survey of research and theory in learning and motivation. Topics include instincts, reinforcement, stimulus control, choice, and human application. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing. MUST be taken concurrently with Psychology 121 or Psychology 140.

121. Laboratory in Operant Psychology (4)
This course provides laboratory experience in operant psychology. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing. MUST be taken concurrently with Psychology 120. Course may be taken once for credit.

122. Mechanisms of Animal Behavior (4)
This course focuses on approaches to the study of behavior and its underlying fundamental units of analysis in human and nonhuman animals. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing. Psychology 122 was formerly numbered Psychology 103. Students may not receive credit for both Psychology 122 and Psychology 103.

123. Cognitive Control and Frontal Lobe Function (4)
This course provides an understanding of how the frontal lobes allow us to engage in complex mental processes. Topics may include anatomy and theory of prefrontal function, frontal lobe clinical syndromes, pharmacology and genetics, emotion control and cognitive training. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing and consent of instructor.

124. Clinical Assessment and Treatment (4)
This course provides an introduction the history, purpose, and recent changes to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders along with appropriate evidence-based interventions. Other topics include psychiatric emergencies, crisis management, and ethics. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing. Completion of Psychology 100 recommended prior to enrollment.

125. Clinical Neuropsychology (4)
This course provides a fundamental understanding of brain-behavior relationships as applied to the practice of Clinical Neuropsychology. Major topics include functional neuroanatomy, principles of neuropsychological assessment and diagnosis, and the neuropsychological presentation of common neurologic and psychiatric conditions. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

128. Psychology of Reading (4)
This course provides basic information about the nature of reading. Topics include word recognition, eye movements, inner speech, sentence processing, memory for text, learning to read, methods for teaching reading, reading disabilities and dyslexia, and speedreading. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing. Completion of Psychology 105 or Psychology 145 recommended prior to enrollment.

129. The Logic of Perception (4)
This course provides an overview of how we perceive the world. Topics include classic studies in perception, discussion of the view that perception is "logical" and new insights into the neural mechanisms underlying perception. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

130. Delay of Gratification (4)
This course provides a review of research on delay of gratification. Topics include what makes it so tough, in what situations it is possible, who can do it, and the implications of this ability. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

132. Hormones and Behavior (4)
This course examines how hormones influence a variety of behaviors and how behavior reciprocally influences hormones. Specific topics covered include aggression, sex and sexuality, feeding, learning, memory, mood and neural mechanisms both in humans and non-human animals. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing. Completion of Psychology 106 recommended prior to enrollment.

133. Circadian Rhythms — Biological Clock (4)
This interdisciplinary course provides an overview of the fundamental properties of daily biological clocks of diverse species, from humans to microbes. Emphasis is placed on the relevance of internal time keeping in wide-ranging contexts including human performance, health, and industry. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing and Biology 1, Psychology 2, or Psychology 106. This course is cross-listed with BIMM 116.

134. Eating Disorders (4)
This course provides an overview of the biology and psychology of eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder. Abnormal, as well as normal, eating will be discussed from various perspectives including endocrinological, neurobiological, psychological, sociological and evolutionary. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

136. Cognitive Development (4)
This course provides an overview of how children's thinking develops. Topics may include perception, concept formation, memory, problem solving, and social cognition. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing and Psychology 101 or Psychology 105.

137. Social Cognition (4)
This course provides an overview of social cognition, which blends cognitive and social psychology to understand how people make sense of the social world. Topics may include social perception, inference, memory, motivation, affect, understanding the self, stereotypes, and cultural cognition. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

138. Sound and Music Perception (4)
This course provides an overview of auditory perception. Topics may include the physiology of the auditory system, perception of pitch, loudness, and timbre, sound localization, perception of melodic and temporal patterns and musical illusions and paradoxes. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing. Ability to read musical notation reccomended prior to enrollment.

139. Social Psychology of Sports (4)
This course provides an introduction the applications of social psychological principles and findings to sports. Topics include motivation, level of aspiration, competition, cooperation, social comparison, and optimal arousal. Additional topics may include the perspective of spectators, discussing motivation and perceptions of success, streaks, and such. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

140. Human Behavior Laboratory (4)
This course provides training in applying the principles of human behavior, including choice behavior, self-control, and reasoning. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing. MUST be taken concurrently with Psychology 120. Course may be taken once for credit.

141. Evolution and Human Nature (4)
This course provides insight into the question of whether important aspects of human behavior can be explained as resulting from natural selection. Topics include sex differences, selfishness and altruism, homicide and violence, and context effects of human reasoning. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

142. Psychology of Consciousness (4)
This course provides a survey of research on consciousness from an experimental psychology perspective. Special emphasis will be placed on cognitive, neuro-imaging, and clinical/psychiatric investigative techniques, and on the scientific assessment of the mind-body problem. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

143. Control and Analysis of Human Behavior (4)
This course provides an overview of the behavioral approach, including basic principles, self-control, clinical applications and the design of cultures. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

144. Memory and Amnesia (4)
This course will provide a survey of current research and theory concerning human memory and amnesia from both cognitive and neuropsychological perspectives. Topics may include short-term (working) memory, encoding and retrieval, episodic and semantic memory, interference and forgetting, false memory, eyewitness memory, emotion and memory, famous case studies of amnesia, and the effects of aging and dementia on memory. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

145. Psychology of Language (4)
This course provides an overview of language comprehension and production. Topics include animal communication, language development, and language disorders.Prerequisite: Upper-division standing. Completion of a course in language, cognition, or philosophy of the mind recommended prior to enrollment.

146. Language & Conceptual Development (4)
This course provides an introduction to research on language acquisition and its relationship to conceptual development. Topics include theoretical foundations (e.g., learning mechanisms, theories of concepts) and empirical case studies including word learning, syntax and semantics, and language and thought. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing. Completion of a course in language/linguistics, cognition, or cognitive development recommended prior to enrollment.

147. Gender (4)
This course provides an overview of the role of gender in psychology, with an emphasis on critical thinking about gender. Topics may include gender differences in behavior and communication, influences on gender roles, gender identity, and gender effects on health and well-being. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

148. Psychology of Judgment and Decision (4)
This course provides an overview of judgment and decision making, which is broadly concerned with preferences, subjective probability, and how they are combined to arrive at decisions. History and current topics will be covered. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

150. Cognitive Neuroscience of Vision (4)
This course provides an overview of the neural basis of visual experience, or how our brain creates what we see in the world around us. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing and Psychology 102 or Psychology 108.

151. Tests and Measurement (4)
This course provides an introduction to Psychology testing. Topics include psychometrics and statistical methods of test construction; application of psychological tests in industry, clinical practice, and applied settings; and controversies in the application of psychological tests. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing and Psychology 60.

152. Conceptions of Intelligence (4)
This course provides an overview of the concept of intelligence from multiple perspectives. Topics include how intelligence is measured and the role of this measurement on practical matters, the role of intelligence in comparative psychology, and attempts to analyze intelligence in terms of more fundamental cognitive processes. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

153. Psychology of Emotion (4)
This course provides an overview of past and current theories of emotion. Topics include facial expressions associated with emotion, psychophysiology, evolutionary perspectives, and specific emotions such as anger, fear, and jealousy. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

154. Behavior Modification (4)
The course provides an extension of learning principles to human behavior. Topics include broad implications of a behavioral perspective, applied behavior analysis, and applications of behavioral principles to clinical disorders and to normal behavior in varied settings.Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

155. Social Psychology and Medicine (4)
This course provides an exploration of health, illness, treatment and delivery of treatment as they relate to psychological concepts and research and considers how the social psychological perspective might be extended into medical fields. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

156. Cognitive Development in Infancy (4)
This course provides an overview of infant development. Students will critically evaluate scientific theories regarding infant cognitive, linguistic, and social behavior. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing and HDP 1 or Psychology 101. Completion of Psychology 60 is recommended prior to enrollment.

157. Happiness (4)
This course provides an overview of the psychology of happiness. Topics may include such questions as: What is happiness? How do we measure it, and how do we tell who has it? What is the biology of happiness and what is its evolutionary significance? What makes people happy - youth, fortune, marriage, chocolate? Is the pursuit of happiness pointless? Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

158. Interpersonal Relationships (4)
This course provides an examination of theories and empirical work pertaining to interpersonal relationships. Topics include attraction, jealousy, attachments, and love.Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

159. Physiological Basis of Perception (4)
This course provides a survey of sensory and perceptual phenomena with an emphasis on their underlying physiological mechanisms. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing andPsychology 102.

161. Engineering Psychology (4)
This course provides a survey of psychological findings relevant to designing "user-friendly" computers and devices and improving aviation and traffic safety. Topics include human perception as it pertains to displays and image compression, human memory limitations relevant to usability, and nature of human errors.Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

162. Psychology and the Law (4)
This course provides an overview of the intersection between psychology and the legal system, covering a broad range of forensically relevant issues. Topics may include false memories, false confessions, eyewitness reliability, lie detection, DNA exonerations of the wrongfully convicted, jury decision making, and neuroscience and the law. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing. Completion of Psychology 60 recommended prior to enrollment.

164. Criminology (4)
This course provides an overview of the scientific study of law making and societal reaction to law breaking activity. Topics include major theories accounting for criminal behavior, the relationship between drugs and crime, the effects of penalties on recidivism, and the psychological effects of incarceration.Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

166. History of Psychology (4)
This course provides a survey of the major trends and figures in the development of psychology as a field. Topics may include the mind-body problem, nativism vs. empiricism, and the genesis of behaviorism. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

168. Psychological Disorders of Childhood (4)
This course provides an overview of psychological disorders in children. Topics may include anxiety disorders, depressive and bipolar disorders, communication and learning disorders, conduct problems, autism, and other conditions. Emphasis is placed on symptomatology, assessment, etiological factors, epidemiology, and treatment. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

169. Brain Damage and Mental Functions (4)
This course provide an introduction to the neural mechanisms underlying perception, memory, language and other mental capacities. Topics include how brain damage affects these capacities and how patients with brain lesions can contribute to our understanding of the normal brain. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

170. Cognitive Neuropsychology (4)
This course provides a journey to the interface between neurophysiology and psychology. Topics include neuroimaging and neuroplasticity. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

171. Neurobiology of Learning and Memory (4)
This course provides an overview of the neurobiology of learning and memory, from cognitive to molecular neuroscience, including human, animal, cellular, and molecular studies of memory. Topics include amnesia, intellectual disability, exceptional intelligence, aging, and Alzheimer's disease. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing and Psychology 2, Psychology 106, or Psychology 181.

172. The Psychology of Human Sexuality (4)
This course provides an overview of human sexuality research including diversity of sexual behavior and identities, sex and gender development, intimate relationships, and sexual dysfunction. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing. Completion of Psychology 1, Psychology 2, or Psychology 106 recommended prior to enrollment.

173. Psychology of Food and Behavior (4)
This course provides an overview of the biological, psychology and social influences on the psychology of food and behavior. Topics may include taste preferences and aversions and how they are learned, how culture influences food selection, and food-related behaviors across the lifespan. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

176. Creativity (4)
This course provides an overview of how to foster creativity in individuals, groups, and organizations. Themes that cut across all three levels are highlighted. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

178. Industrial Organizational Psychology (4)
This course provides an examination of human behavior in industrial, business, and organizational settings. Topics include psychological principles applied to selection, placement, management, and training; the effectiveness of individuals and groups within organizations, including leadership and control; conflict and cooperation; motivation; and organizational structure and design. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

179. Drugs, Addiction, and Mental Disorders (4)
This course provides an overview of the use, abuse, liability, and psychotherapeutic effects of drugs on humans. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

180. Adolescence (4)
This course provides an overview of the period of human adolescence, including the physical, cognitive, social, and emotional changes that take place during this developmental transition. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

181. Drugs and Behavior (4)
Psychological effects, brain mode of action, patterns of use of psychoactive agents, including stimulants, sedative/hypnotic, hallucinogens, marijuana, alcohol, over-the- counter drugs, cognitive enhancers, antianxiety agents, antidepressants, antipsychotics, and basic principles in psychopharmacology. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

182. Illusions and the Brain (4)
This course provides an examination of visual, auditory and tactile illusions and examines how they arise from interactions between perceptual and cognitive systems. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

184. Choice and Self-Control (4)
This course provides an overview of the experimental analysis of choice behavior, with an emphasis on the types of choice involved in self-control. A central interest will be the conditions under which decision-making is optimal.Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

187. Development of Social Cognition (4)
This course provides an overview of how children learn to reason about the social world. Topics may include theory of mind, social categorization and stereotyping, moral reasoning, and cultural learning. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing. Completion of Psychology 101 recommended prior to enrollment.

188. Impulse Control Disorders (4)
This course provides an overview of problems of impulse control, which are important features of major psychiatric disorders and also of atypical patterns of behavior including pathological gambling, compulsive sex, eating, exercise, and shopping. Topics include development, major common features, treatment, and neurobiological basis of impulse control disorders. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

189. Brain, Behavior, and Evolution (4)
This course provides a survey of natural behaviors, including birdsong, prey capture, localization, electro-reception and echo-location, and the neural system that control them, emphasizing broad fundamental relationships between brain and behavior across species. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing, Psychology 103 and Psychology 106.

190. Parenting (4)
This course provides an interdisciplinary overview of theories and scientific research on parenting. Topics may include family structure, parenting styles, attachment, discipline strategies, culture, and media. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

191. Psychology of Sleep (4)
This course provides an overview of the psychology of sleep, including sleep stages and their functions, neurological aspects of sleep, sleep across species and development, dreams and their interpretation, sleep disorders, and the role of sleep in learning and memory. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing.

193. Topics in Psychology (4)
Selected topics in the field of Psychology. May be repeated for credit as topics vary. Prerequisite: Upper-division standing and department approval.

194A. Honors Thesis I (4)
This course provides the opportunity for students to plan and carry out a research project under the guidance of psychology faculty. Students will write a proposal for the research that they plan to conduct in 194B and 194C and will present this proposal to the class. Prerequisite: Psychology 110, Psychology 111A, and Psychology 111B. Department approval. Admission to the Psychology Honors Program. Must be taken for a letter grade for the Psychology Honors Program. Offered fall quarters.

194B. Honors Thesis II (4)
This course provides the opportunity for students to continue to carry out their research projects. Prerequisite: Psychology 194A. Department approval. Admission to the Psychology Honors Program. Must be taken for a letter grade for the Psychology Honors Program. Offered winter quarters.

194C. Honors Thesis III (4)
This course provides the opportunity for students to complete their research, write their honors thesis, and present their results at the Honors Poster Session. Prerequisite: Psychology 194B. Department approval. Admission to the Psychology Honors Program.Must be taken for a letter grade for the Psychology Honors Program. Offered spring quarters.

195. Instruction in Psychology (4)
Introduction to teaching in a psychology course. As an Undergraduate Instructional Apprentice, students will attend the lectures of the course, weekly meetings with students of the course; weekly meetings with course instructor. Responsibilities may include class presentations, designing and leading weekly discussion sections, assisting with homework and exam grading, and monitoring and responding to online discussion posts. Prerequisite: Eligibility includes all of the following: Upper-division standing, a minimum of A- in the course in which the student plans to assist, a 3.0 cumulative UC GPA, instructor and department approval.

199. Independent Study (2 or 4)
Independent study or research under direction of a member of the faculty. Prerequisite: GPA 2.5 and 90 units completed. (P/NP grades only) Not counted for Elective credit towards the major. Students may enroll in Psychology 199 up to nine times for a total of thirty six units maximum. Special studies form.

2XX. Graduate Seminar
We encourage juniors and seniors meeting the suggested criteria of an overall 3.0 GPA to enroll in Graduate Seminars. Check the schedule of classes and contact the Psychology Student Affairs Office on how to enroll.